Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes Income Taxes    
The income tax benefit (expense) rate for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 was 6.5% and 2.9%, respectively. The differences between the actual consolidated effective income tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory rate were primarily attributable to the allocation of losses on noncontrolling interests and an increase in stock-based compensation deductions.
The Company sells solar energy systems to investment Funds. As the investment Funds are consolidated by the Company, the gain on the sale of the assets has been eliminated in the consolidated financial statements, however gains on sale are recognized for tax purposes.
Uncertain Tax Positions
As a result of the acquisition of Vivint Solar, Inc., the Company established an unrecognized tax benefit of $1.0 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 that, if recognized, would impact the Company's effective tax rate.